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INVERTEBRATE MEDICINE, Second Edition BLOG

Hot Topic Article: Human Pathogen Shown to Cause Disease in the Threatened Eklhorn Coral Acropora palmata.

This important and compelling article represents the first published case of what the authors term a "marine reverse zoonosis" in which a human pathogen is transmitted to a marine invertebrate. The pathogen is the bacterium Serratia marcescens from human sewage/fecal contamination; the author's were able to fulfill Koch's postulates leaving little doubt to  Read More 
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Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Book Review

The JAVMA published a favorable review of Invertebrate Medicine, 2nd Ed. in their June 15, 2012 issue. A copy of the review appears at left.
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Hot Topic Article: Global transboundry disease politics: The OIE perspective

This interesting review article discusses how the World Animal Health Organization (OIE) lists and de-lists reportable aquatic animal diseases. Many of the listed/reportable disease affect crustaeans and mollusks.


Abstract:

Reviewed in this paper are the steps for listing or de-listing of an aquatic animal disease, the current list of OIE listed aquatic animal  Read More 
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Who is Dr. Fredric Frye?

Fredric L. Frye, BSc, DVM, MSc, CBiol, FIBiol, FRSM:

After his honorable discharge from the U.S. Navy, where he served as a combat air crew member in a blimp squadron engaged in antisubmarine patrols during the Korean War. Fredric Frye earned his degrees at the University of California, Davis and served two residencies:  Read More 
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Hot Topic Article: Attenuated reproduction of Strombus gigas by an Apicomplexa: Emeriidae-like parasite in the digestive gland.

This short paper describes the widespread occurrence of a protozoan in a large and economically important Caribbean gastropod. The authors found a direct and negative correlation between parasite number and fecundity.

Abstract:
An intense and generalized sporozoan infection was detected in every population of the queen conch, Strombus gigas through the Caribbean. In this  Read More 
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Who is Dr. Flavio Corsin?

Flavio Corsin is the Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) Vietnam Manager and Asia aquaculture representative. Flavio is also a co-founder of ICAFIS and served as the 1st ICAFIS Director from March 2010 to January 2012. Graduated with a M.Sc. in Aquaculture from the University of Stirling (UK), he was awarded a Ph.D. in aquatic epidemiology  Read More 
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Hot Topic Article: Standard Harmonization as Chasing Zero (Tolerance Limits): The Impact of Veterinary Drug Residue Standards on Crustacean Imports in the EU, Japan, and North America.

This paper, by a multi-national trio of scientists, investigates the effectiveness of chloramphenicol residue prevention efforts in imported crustaceans intended for human consumption. It focuses on the impact these "zero tolerance" restrictions have on the exporter (primarily countries in Asia). It appears that more developed countries, and more sophisticated companies, are able to better  Read More 
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Who is Dr. Jay Levine?

Jay Levine, is a professor of epidemiology and public health at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine. Dr. Levine obtained his bachelors degree from Michigan State University, and his professional degree in veterinary medicine from the University of Tennessee. After working as a veterinary clinician for two years he received a  Read More 
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Who is Dr. Roxanna Smolowitz?

Dr. Smolowitz graduated from Purdue University, School of Veterinary Medicine in 1981. She finished a residency in pathology at Angell Memorial Animal Hospital, Boston, MA, in 1984 and a Bang Fellowship at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in 1987 where she studied hemocytic leukemia in soft shell clams. From 1987 to 1989, she was a guest researcher with Dr.  Read More 
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Hot Topic Article: The Effect of Temperature and Salinity on the Elimination of Enrofloxacin in the Manila Clam Ruditapes philippinarum

A group of Chinese scientists have published a bath immersion pharmacokinetics study of enrofloxacin in Manila clams.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08997659.2012.667047

The citation is listed above and the abstract follows:

Abstract:

The effect of temperature and salinity on the elimination of enrofloxacin (EF) in Manila clams Ruditapes philippinarum was investigated. The clams, cultured under different temperatures and salinities (16°C and 30‰, 22° Read More 
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